Post Operative Exercises
Post-operative exercises play a crucial role in the recovery and rehabilitation process following surgery. Whether it’s a minor procedure or a major operation, engaging in appropriate exercises can help restore mobility, strengthen muscles, reduce pain and swelling, and promote overall healing. These exercises are typically prescribed by healthcare professionals and are tailored to the specific needs of the patient and the type of surgery they have undergone.
One of the primary goals of post-operative exercises is to help the patient regain range of motion and flexibility in the affected area. Depending on the surgery, certain muscles and joints may become stiff or immobilized. Exercises such as gentle stretching, range of motion exercises, and joint mobilization techniques can help improve flexibility and restore normal movement patterns. These exercises are usually initiated shortly after surgery, with the guidance and supervision of a physiotherapist.
In addition to regaining range of motion, post-operative exercises also focus on strengthening the muscles surrounding the surgical area. Surgery can lead to muscle weakness or atrophy due to limited use during the recovery period. Strengthening exercises, including resistance training and weight-bearing exercises, are gradually introduced to rebuild muscle strength and improve stability. These exercises not only promote healing but also help prevent future injuries and improve overall functional abilities within the patient.
Post-operative exercises also play a vital role in reducing pain, discomfort, inflammation and swelling caused due to surgery. Controlled movements and exercises help stimulate blood circulation, which can aid in reducing swelling and promoting overall tissue healing. Strengthening the muscles around the surgical site can also provide additional support and stability, thereby alleviating pain and improving overall joint function.
With Dr. Dalal patients can easily find post operative rehabilitation in Pune.
Another important aspect of post-operative exercises is the prevention of complications. After surgery, there is an increased risk of developing conditions such as blood clots, pneumonia, and pressure ulcers due to prolonged immobility. Certain exercises, such as ankle pumps, deep breathing exercises, and gentle ambulation, can help minimize these risks by improving circulation, expanding lung capacity, and preventing prolonged bed rest. It is crucial to follow the specific guidelines provided by the doctors to ensure that these exercises are performed safely and effectively.
The patients can see maximum results and faster recovery if they follow a regulated schedule and perform these exercises regularly. For complete and effective recovery, the patient has to understand all the post-operative exercises thoroughly and also make sure to perform them using only the correct techniques. The patient must visit their doctor/physiotherapist if any of the exercises are causing intense discomfort while performing.
Further, post-operative exercises contribute to the psychological well-being of the patients too. Surgery can be physically and emotionally challenging, and engaging in exercises can provide a sense of control and progress in the entire recovery process. Regular exercise releases endorphins, (the body’s natural feel-good chemicals), which can help reduce stress, anxiety, and in some cases also depression, often associated with and after surgery and because of immobility.
Each surgery is unique, and the prescribed exercises may vary depending on the patient’s individual condition and severity of their symptoms, along with the specific surgical procedure they will have undergone. In some rare cases, the patients may need to visit the physiotherapist for a change in exercises, depending on their progress and status of recovery.
Post-operative exercises help to:
- Regain range of motion.
- Strengthen muscles.
- Reduce pain and swelling.
- Prevent further complications.
- Improve the overall well-being of the patients.
By following a tailored exercise program, patients can optimize their recovery, regain functional abilities, and improve their overall quality of life.
Dr. Shrikant Dalal
MBBS, DNB - Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery Spine Surgeon (Ortho), Spine And Pain Specialist, Joint Replacement Surgeon