What is the main cause of shoulder pain? How to treat them?

What is the main cause of shoulder pain? How to treat them? Dr. Shrikant Dalal- Orthopedic surgeon in Pune

Shoulder pain is a common symptom that can be caused by a number of factors. You can move your arms with the help of your shoulder. Its wide range of motion makes it more susceptible to injury. The most common causes of this condition are arthritis, muscle strains, and dislocations. It is important to note that treatment for this condition may include rest, medications or surgery, depending on the cause.

What is shoulder pain?

In general, shoulder pain refers to any discomfort you experience around your shoulder joint. A shoulder is a complex joint that allows you to throw a ball, reach for something, or give someone a high five. You should be aware that your shoulder is probably more at risk for injury and damage as a result of how often you use it.

Causes of shoulder pain

There are several possible causes of shoulder pain. The most common include:

  • Poor Posture:

Slouching or improper posture can strain shoulder muscles.

  • Overuse or repetitive Strain:

Overworking the shoulder through repetitive movements.

  • Rotator Cuff Injuries:

Tears or inflammation in the rotator cuff.

  • Frozen Shoulder (Adhesive Capsulitis):

Stiffness and pain due to the thickening of shoulder capsule.

  • Osteoarthritis:

Wear and tear of shoulder joints over time.

  • Tendonitis:

Inflammation of tendons in the shoulder.

  • Bursitis:

Inflammation of the bursa sac in the shoulder.

  • Strains and Sprains:

Overstretching or tearing of muscles or ligaments.

  • Herniated Discs:

Discs pressing on nerves in the neck, leading to shoulder pain.

  • Referred Pain:

Pain originating from other areas, like the neck or upper back. Usually, there is pain at rest and that pain does not worsen when the shoulder is moved.

How is shoulder pain treated?

Treatment for shoulder pain varies based on the cause but could include:

  • Your arm usage should be limited when performing physical activities.
  • Inflammation and pain can be reduced by taking medications.
  • Visiting a chiropractor or physical therapist to align your spine, stretch your muscles, and improve your flexibility.
  • Keeping your arm immobilized, such as in a sling, should limit your shoulder’s movement while it heals.
  • Shoulder replacement surgery may be necessary to repair or replace damaged components of your shoulder for improved function and relief.
  • Once your shoulder pain has been diagnosed, your healthcare provider will advise you on the most appropriate treatment.

What can I do at home to treat shoulder pain?

Hot and Cold Therapy:

  • Alternate between hot and cold packs on your shoulder.
  • Hot packs improve blood flow, while cold packs reduce inflammation.

Gentle Shoulder Exercises:

  • Perform simple exercises to strengthen and stretch shoulder muscles.
  • Include pendulum stretches and shoulder blade squeezes.

Epsom Salt Bath:

  • Soak in a warm bath with Epsom salt to relax muscles.
  • Epsom salt contains magnesium, known for its muscle-relaxing properties.

Posture Correction:

  • Maintain good posture to alleviate shoulder strain.
  • Sit and stand with your shoulders relaxed and aligned.

Over-the-Counter Pain Relief:

  • Consider non-prescription pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
  • Follow recommended dosage guidelines and consult a pharmacist if needed.

Rest and Relaxation:

  • Allow your shoulder to rest by avoiding activities that worsen the pain.
  • Ensure proper sleep to aid the healing process.

DIY Massage Techniques:

  • Gently massage the affected shoulder using your opposite hand.
  • Focus on the tense areas, but avoid excessive pressure.

Compression Wraps:

  • Use compression wraps to support the shoulder and reduce swelling.
  • Ensure the wrap is snug but not too tight.


In conclusion, if you’re experiencing persistent shoulder pain, consulting with a specialist like Dr. Shrikant Dalal, a renowned orthopedic surgeon in Baner, Pune, can provide expert guidance. Whether your shoulder pain results from poor posture, overuse, injuries, or conditions like arthritis, seeking professional intervention is crucial. Dr. Shrikant Dalal specializes in effective treatments, including medication, physical therapy, and surgical options. Additionally, incorporating at-home remedies such as hot and cold therapy, targeted exercises, and lifestyle adjustments can complement your recovery. Prompt attention to shoulder pain not only ensures a faster path to healing but also contributes to overall shoulder health.