Understanding Spinal Deformities: Types, Causes, and Treatment Options

Spinal Deformities: Types, Causes, and Treatment Options

Spinal deformities can have a profound impact on an individual’s quality of life. These conditions, which affect the alignment and structure of the spine, can cause pain, discomfort, and even disability if left untreated. Fortunately, advancements in medical science have led to various treatment options, including spinal deformity correction treatment in Pune, offered at specialized centers like Orthos Center.

In this blog, we will delve into the different types of spinal deformities, their causes, and the treatment options available at Orthos Center in Pune.

Types of Spinal Deformities

  1. Scoliosis: Scoliosis is one of the most common spinal deformities, characterized by an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine. This condition often develops during adolescence but can occur at any age. Without proper management, scoliosis can progress and lead to pain and lung and heart problems.
  2. Kyphosis: Kyphosis, commonly known as “hunchback” or “roundback,” is a condition where the spine has an exaggerated forward curve in the upper back. It can result from poor posture, osteoporosis, or congenital factors.
  3. Lordosis: Lordosis, also called “swayback,” is characterized by an excessive inward curve of the spine in the lower back. It can be caused by obesity, poor posture, muscle imbalances, or certain medical conditions.
  4. Spondylolisthesis: Spondylolisthesis occurs when one vertebra slips forward or backward over another. This condition can be congenital or develop due to degenerative changes in the spine.


Causes of Spinal Deformities

Understanding the causes of spinal deformities is crucial for effective treatment. Several factors can contribute to these conditions:

  1. Genetics: Some spinal deformities, like scoliosis, have a genetic component, running in families. Identifying a family history of spinal issues can be critical in early detection.
  2. Poor Posture: Maintaining good posture is essential for spinal health. Prolonged poor posture, especially during growth phases in adolescents, can lead to spinal deformities.
  3. Injury: Trauma or injury to the spine can cause deformities, particularly if the injury affects the spinal structure.
  4. Degenerative Conditions: Conditions such as osteoporosis or degenerative disc disease can weaken the spine, leading to deformities like kyphosis or lordosis.
  5. Congenital Factors: Some individuals are born with spinal deformities due to abnormalities in their spinal development.

Treatment Options at Orthos Center in Pune

Orthos Center in Pune is a renowned facility specializing in spinal deformity correction treatment. Their team of expert Spinal Deformity Correction Doctors in Pune offers a range of treatment options tailored to each patient’s unique needs:

  1. Physical Therapy: For mild spinal deformities or as part of post-surgery rehabilitation, physical therapy can be highly effective. It helps strengthen the muscles supporting the spine and improve posture.
  2. Bracing: In cases of progressive scoliosis, bracing may be recommended, especially for adolescents whose spines are still developing. Orthos Center provides custom-fitted braces to provide support and slow down the curvature’s progression.
  3. Minimally Invasive Surgery: Orthos Center offers state-of-the-art minimally invasive surgical techniques for spinal deformity correction. These procedures involve smaller incisions, reduced blood loss, and quicker recovery times compared to traditional open surgeries.
  4. Vertebral Column Resection: For severe deformities like very large curves in scoliosis or complex cases of spondylolisthesis, Orthos Center offers advanced procedures like vertebral column resection, which involves removing and reshaping vertebrae to correct the deformity.
  5. Post-operative Rehabilitation: After surgery, Orthos Center’s team ensures that patients receive comprehensive rehabilitation and physical therapy to regain strength and mobility.


Spinal deformities can significantly impact an individual’s life, causing pain and reducing their quality of life. However, with the expertise and advanced treatments available at Orthos Center in Pune, individuals suffering from spinal deformities can find hope for a better, pain-free future.

Whether it’s scoliosis, kyphosis, lordosis, or spondylolisthesis, the dedicated Spinal Deformity Correction Doctors in Pune at Orthos Center are committed to providing the best possible care and treatment options. Don’t let spinal deformities hold you back; seek help and regain your spinal health at Orthos Center in Pune.